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mass

[mas] /mæs/
noun
1.
a body of coherent matter, usually of indefinite shape and often of considerable size:
a mass of dough.
2.
a collection of incoherent particles, parts, or objects regarded as forming one body:
a mass of sand.
3.
aggregate; whole (usually preceded by in the):
People, in the mass, mean well.
4.
a considerable assemblage, number, or quantity:
a mass of errors; a mass of troops.
5.
bulk, size, expanse, or massiveness:
towers of great mass and strength.
Synonyms: magnitude, dimension.
6.
Fine Arts.
  1. Painting. an expanse of color or tone that defines form or shape in general outline rather than in detail.
  2. a shape or three-dimensional volume that has or gives the illusion of having weight, density, and bulk.
7.
the main body, bulk, or greater part of anything:
the great mass of American films.
Synonyms: majority.
8.
Physics. the quantity of matter as determined from its weight or from Newton's second law of motion.
Abbreviation: m.
9.
Pharmacology. a preparation of thick, pasty consistency, from which pills are made.
10.
the masses, the ordinary or common people as a whole; the working classes or the lower social classes.
adjective
11.
pertaining to, involving, or affecting a large number of people:
mass unemployment; mass migrations; mass murder.
12.
participated in or performed by a large number of people, especially together in a group:
mass demonstrations; mass suicide.
13.
pertaining to, involving, or characteristic of the mass of the people:
the mass mind; a movie designed to appeal to a mass audience.
14.
reaching or designed to reach a large number of people:
television, newspapers, and other means of mass communication.
15.
done on a large scale or in large quantities:
mass destruction.
verb (used without object)
16.
to come together in or form a mass or masses:
The clouds are massing in the west.
verb (used with object)
17.
to gather into or dispose in a mass or masses; assemble:
The houses are massed in blocks.
Antonyms: disperse.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English masse < Latin massa mass < Greek mâza barley cake, akin to mássein to knead
Related forms
massedly
[mas-id-lee, mast-lee] /ˈmæs ɪd li, ˈmæst li/ (Show IPA),
adverb
unmassed, adjective
Can be confused
massed, mast.
Synonym Study
5. See size1.

Mass

[mas] /mæs/
noun
1.
the celebration of the Eucharist.
Compare High Mass, Low Mass.
2.
(sometimes lowercase) a musical setting of certain parts of this service, as the Kyrie eleison, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Benedictus, and Agnus Dei.
Origin
before 900; Middle English masse, Old English mæsse < Vulgar Latin *messa, Late Latin missa, formally feminine of Latin missus, past participle of mittere to send, dismiss; perhaps extracted from a phrase in the service with missa est and a feminine subject

Mass.

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for mass

mass

/mæs/
noun
1.
a large coherent body of matter without a definite shape
2.
a collection of the component parts of something
3.
a large amount or number, such as a great body of people
4.
the main part or majority: the mass of the people voted against the government's policy
5.
in the mass, in the main; collectively
6.
the size of a body; bulk
7.
(physics) a physical quantity expressing the amount of matter in a body. It is a measure of a body's resistance to changes in velocity (inertial mass) and also of the force experienced in a gravitational field (gravitational mass): according to the theory of relativity, inertial and gravitational masses are equal See also inertial mass, gravitational mass
8.
(in painting, drawing, etc) an area of unified colour, shade, or intensity, usually denoting a solid form or plane
9.
(pharmacol) a pastelike composition of drugs from which pills are made
10.
(mining) an irregular deposit of ore not occurring in veins
modifier
11.
done or occurring on a large scale: mass hysteria, mass radiography
12.
consisting of a mass or large number, esp of people: a mass meeting
verb
13.
to form (people or things) or (of people or things) to join together into a mass: the crowd massed outside the embassy
See also masses, mass in
Derived Forms
massed, adjective
massedly (ˈmæsɪdlɪ; ˈmæstlɪ) adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Old French masse, from Latin massa that which forms a lump, from Greek maza barley cake; perhaps related to Greek massein to knead

Mass

/mæs; mɑːs/
noun
1.
(in the Roman Catholic Church and certain Protestant Churches) the celebration of the Eucharist See also High Mass, Low Mass
2.
a musical setting of those parts of the Eucharistic service sung by choir or congregation
Word Origin
Old English mæsse, from Church Latin missa, ultimately from Latin mittere to send away; perhaps derived from the concluding dismissal in the Roman Mass, Ite, missa est, Go, it is the dismissal

Mass.

abbreviation
1.
Massachusetts
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mass
n.

"lump, quantity, size," late 14c., from Old French masse "lump, heap, pile; crowd, large amount; ingot, bar" (11c.), and directly from Latin massa "kneaded dough, lump, that which adheres together like dough," probably from Greek maza "barley cake, lump, mass, ball," related to massein "to knead," from PIE root *mag- "to knead" (cf. Lithuanian minkyti "to knead," see macerate). Sense extended in English 1580s to "a large quantity, amount, or number." Strict sense in physics is from 1704.

As an adjective from 1733, first attested in mass meeting in American English. mass culture is from 1916 in sociology (earlier in biology); mass hysteria is from 1914; mass media is from 1923; mass movement is from 1897; mass production is from 1920; mass grave is from 1918; mass murder from 1880.

"Eucharistic service," Old English mæsse, from Vulgar Latin *messa "eucharistic service," literally "dismissal," from Late Latin missa "dismissal," fem. past participle of mittere "to let go, send" (see mission); probably so called from the concluding words of the service, Ite, missa est, "Go, (the prayer) has been sent," or "Go, it is the dismissal."

v.

"to gather in a mass" (intransitive), 1560s, from mass (n.1) or from French masser. Transitive sense by c.1600. Related: Massed; massing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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mass in Medicine

mass (mās)
n.

  1. A unified body of matter with no specific shape.

  2. A grouping of individual parts or elements that compose a unified body of unspecified size or quantity.

  3. The physical volume or bulk of a solid body.


  4. Abbr. m The measure of the quantity of matter that a body or an object contains. The mass of the body is not dependent on gravity and therefore is different from but proportional to its weight.

  5. A thick, pasty pharmacological mixture containing drugs from which pills are formed.

  6. One of the seven fundamental SI units, the kilogram.

  7. See massa.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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mass in Science
mass
  (mās)   
A measure of the amount of matter contained in or constituting a physical body. In classical mechanics, the mass of an object is related to the force required to accelerate it and hence is related to its inertia, and is essential to Newton's laws of motion. Objects that have mass interact with each other through the force of gravity. In Special Relativity, the observed mass of an object is dependent on its velocity with respect to the observer, with higher velocity entailing higher observed mass. Mass is measured in many different units; in most scientific applications, the SI unit of kilogram is used. See Note at weight. See also rest energy, General Relativity.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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mass in Culture

Mass definition


The common name in the Roman Catholic Church, and among some members of the Anglican Communion, for the sacrament of Communion.

Note: In the Middle Ages in England, mass meant a religious feast day in honor of a specific person; thus, “Christ's Mass,” or Christmas, is the feast day of Christ; and Michaelmas is the feast day of the angel Michael.

Mass definition


In music, a musical setting for the texts used in the Christian Church at the celebration of the Mass, or sacrament of Communion. Most Masses have been written for use in the Roman Catholic Church.

Note: Many composers have written Masses; among them are Johann Sebastian Bach, Franz Josef Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Franz Schubert, Leonard Bernstein, and Duke Ellington.

mass definition


In physics, the property of matter that measures its resistance to acceleration. Roughly, the mass of an object is a measure of the number of atoms in it. The basic unit of measurement for mass is the kilogram. (See Newton's laws of motion; compare weight.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Related Abbreviations for mass

Mass.

Massachusetts
The American Heritage® Abbreviations Dictionary, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source

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