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Massaua

[muh-sah-wuh] /məˈsɑ wə/
noun
1.
a seaport in E Eritrea, in N Ethiopia, on the Red Sea.
Also, Massawa.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for massawa

Massawa

/məˈsɑːwə/
noun
1.
a port in E central Eritrea, on the Red Sea: capital of Eritrea during Italian occupation, from 1885 until 1900. Pop: 36 700 (2004 est)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for massawa

Massawa

port city, Eritrea, in the Bay of Massawa on the Red Sea. It is connected to Asmara, the national capital, on the hinterland plateau (40 miles [64 km] west-southwest) by road, railroad, air, and aerial tramway. The town rests on the islands of Tawlad (Taulud) and Massawa (the site of the modern harbour) and on the Gerar and Abdel Kader peninsulas, which are linked to each other by causeways. Massawa is one of the world's hottest places, with an annual average temperature of 86 F (30 C). It was an Ethiopian port in the 16th century and came under Ottoman control in 1557. It changed hands intermittently for the next 300 years and became an Italian possession in 1885, functioning as the capital of Eritrea colony until 1900. Conquered by British forces in 1941, Massawa remained under British administration until the federation of Eritrea with Ethiopia in 1952. The city was badly damaged in 1990, during the war for Eritrean independence

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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