massif

massif

[ma-seef, mas-if; French ma-seef]
noun
1.
a compact portion of a mountain range, containing one or more summits.
2.
a large elevated block of old complex rocks resistant to both erosion and crustal folding.
3.
a band or zone of the earth's crust raised or depressed as a unit and bounded by faults.

Origin:
1515–25; < French, noun use of massif massive

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Collins
World English Dictionary
massif (ˈmæsiːf, French masif)
 
n
1.  a geologically distinct mass of rock or a series of connected masses forming the peaks of a mountain range
2.  a topographically high part of the earth's crust that is bounded by faults and may be shifted by tectonic movements
 
[C19: from French, noun use of massifmassive]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

massif
"cluster of hills," 1520s; un-Anglicized form of massive (q.v.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
massif   (mā-sēf')  Pronunciation Key 
A large mountain mass or compact group of connected mountains forming an independent portion of a range. A massif often consists of rocks that are more rigid than the surrounding rocks.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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