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city, Stark county, northeastern Ohio, U.S., 8 miles (13 km) west of Canton, on the Tuscarawas River. Settled (1811) by New Englanders, it developed from two villages called Kendal and Brookfield and was named (1826), after its founding by James Duncan, for Bishop Jean-Baptiste Massillon, preacher and writer at the French court of Louis XIV. The Ohio and Erie Canal (opened from Akron to Massillon in 1828) led to the community's early development as a major wheat-shipping centre. Massillon had a strong Quaker community, and from the 1820s it was a stop on the Underground Railroad. Although now industrialized, it remains a shipping centre for a wide agricultural region. Manufactures include bar and plate steel, surgical equipment, wire and screen products, steel castings, chemicals, plastics, cans, and food products. The Massillon Museum is housed in a former dry-goods store. Spring Hill Historic Home, built in 1821 by Thomas and Charity Rotch, the founders of Kendal, sheltered fugitive slaves before the American Civil War and now houses historical collections. Silent film actress Dorothy Gish was born in Massillon. Inc. village, 1853; city, 1867. Pop. (2000) city, 31,325; Canton-Massillon MSA, 406,934; (2005 est.) city, 32,150; Canton-Massillon MSA, 409,996.