verb (used with object), verb (used without object), masticated, masticating.
to chew.
to reduce to a pulp by crushing or kneading, as rubber.

1640–50; < Late Latin masticātus, past participle of masticāre to chew. See mastic, -ate1

masticable [mas-ti-kuh-buhl] , adjective
mastication, noun
masticator, noun
half-masticated, adjective
remasticate, verb, remasticated, remasticating.
remastication, noun
unmasticated, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
masticate (ˈmæstɪˌkeɪt)
1.  to chew (food)
2.  to reduce (materials such as rubber) to a pulp by crushing, grinding, or kneading
[C17: from Late Latin masticāre, from Greek mastikhan to grind the teeth]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1560s, from L. masticationem (nom. masticatio), from masticare "to chew" (cf. O.Fr. maschier, Fr. mâcher), probably from Gk. mastikhan "to gnash the teeth," related to mastax "mouth, jaws," and masasthai "to chew," from PIE *menth- "to chew, mouth" (cf. L. mandere "to chew," Goth. munþs,
O.E. muð "mouth").

1640s, from L.L. masticat-, pp. stem of masticare (see mastication). Related: Masticated; masticating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

masticate mas·ti·cate (mās'tĭ-kāt')
v. mas·ti·cat·ed, mas·ti·cat·ing, mas·ti·cates
To chew food.

mas'ti·ca'tion n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Mastication effort is less important than the size of the material being masticated.
Mechanical mastication of shrubs and small trees has become a popular method of fuels management.
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