match lock

matchlock

[mach-lok]
noun
1.
an old form of gunlock in which the priming was ignited by a slow match.
2.
a hand gun, usually a musket, with such a lock.

Origin:
1630–40; match1 + lock1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
matchlock (ˈmætʃˌlɒk)
 
n
1.  an obsolete type of gunlock igniting the powder by means of a slow match
2.  a gun having such a lock

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

matchlock
1690s, from match (1) + lock (1) in the firearm sense (1540s) probably so called for its resemblance to a door-latching device.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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