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matron

[mey-truh n] /ˈmeɪ trən/
noun
1.
a married woman, especially one who is mature and staid or dignified and has an established social position.
2.
a woman who has charge of the domestic affairs of a hospital, prison, or other institution.
3.
a woman serving as a guard, warden, or attendant for women or girls, as in a prison.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English matrone < Latin mātrōna a married woman, wife, derivative of māter mother
Related forms
matronal
[mey-truh-nl, ma-] /ˈmeɪ trə nl, ˈmæ-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
matronhood, matronship, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for matron-hood

matron

/ˈmeɪtrən/
noun
1.
a married woman regarded as staid or dignified, esp a middle-aged woman with children
2.
a woman in charge of the domestic or medical arrangements in an institution, such as a boarding school
3.
(US) a wardress in a prison
4.
(Brit) the former name for the administrative head of the nursing staff in a hospital Official name nursing officer
Derived Forms
matronal, adjective
matronhood, matronship, noun
matron-like, adjective
Word Origin
C14: via Old French from Latin mātrōna, from māter mother
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for matron-hood

matron

n.

late 14c., "married woman" (usually one of rank), from Old French matrone "married woman; elderly lady; patroness; midwife," and directly from Latin matrona "married woman, wife, matron," from mater (genitive matris) "mother" (see mother (n.1)). Sense of "female manager of a school, hospital, etc." first recorded 1550s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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