an instrument for loosening the soil in digging, shaped like a pickax, but having one end broad instead of pointed.

before 900; Middle English mattok, Old English mattuc Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
mattock (ˈmætək)
a type of large pick that has one end of its blade shaped like an adze, used for loosening soil, cutting roots, etc
[Old English mattuc, of unknown origin; related to Latin mateola club, mallet]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

O.E. mættoc, probably from V.L. *matteuca "club," related to L. mateola, a kind of mallet (see mace (1)), but this is not certain, and synonymous Rus. motyka, Lith. matikkas suggest other possibilities.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Bible Dictionary

Mattock definition

(1.) Heb. ma'eder, an instrument for dressing or pruning a vineyard (Isa. 7:25); a weeding-hoe. (2.) Heb. mahareshah (1 Sam. 13:1), perhaps the ploughshare or coulter. (3.) Heb. herebh, marg. of text (2 Chr. 34:6). Authorized Version, "with their mattocks," marg. "mauls." The Revised Version renders "in their ruins," marg. "with their axes." The Hebrew text is probably corrupt.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
And when it does, you have to grub it out with a mattock-miserable work.
He abandoned the shovel part and reshaped the ax and mattock blades.
Digging tools such as a mattock are useful for removing underground parts.
Use a pick mattock for planting, which has a pick on one surface and a triangular wedge on the other surface.
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