On several occasions, Pakistani officials tipped off maulvi Nazir and his men about impending drone strikes.
Having seized Ismael, Mohammad sent word to the shura that he would trade his hostage for maulvi Habibullah.
Since 2007, maulvi Nazir and the Pakistani military had kept to an unwritten truce.
Whatever protection the Pakistanis had been giving to maulvi Nazir was no longer on the table.
“The U.S. and its allies claimed to be having negotiations with the Taliban,” senior Taliban commander maulvi Rahmanullah said.
The maulvi thus acts as a teacher of religious doctrine and also of law.
The principal religious officer is the maulvi, who corresponds to the Hindu Guru or preceptor.