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mausoleum

[maw-suh-lee-uh m, -zuh-] /ˌmɔ səˈli əm, -zə-/
noun, plural mausoleums, mausolea
[maw-suh-lee-uh, -zuh-] /ˌmɔ səˈli ə, -zə-/ (Show IPA)
1.
a stately and magnificent tomb.
2.
a burial place for the bodies or remains of many individuals, often of a single family, usually in the form of a small building.
3.
a large, gloomy, depressing building, room, or the like.
4.
(initial capital letter) the tomb erected at Halicarnassus in Asia Minor in 350? b.c.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English < Latin < Greek Mausoleîon the tomb of Mausolus, king of Caria
Related forms
mausolean, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for mausolea

mausoleum

/ˌmɔːsəˈlɪəm/
noun (pl) -leums, -lea (-ˈlɪə)
1.
a large stately tomb
Derived Forms
mausolean, adjective
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek mausōleion, the tomb of Mausolus, king of Caria; built at Halicarnassus in the 4th century bc
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mausolea
mausoleum
1546, from L. mausoleum "magnificent tomb," from Gk. Mausoleion, massive marble tomb built 353 B.C.E. at Halicarnassus (Gk. city in Asia Minor) for Mausolos, Persian satrap who made himself king of Caria. It was built by his wife (and sister), Artemisia. It was counted among the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. Destroyed by an earthquake in the Middle Ages. General sense of "any stately burial-place" is from 1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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mausolea in Culture
mausoleum [(maw-suh-lee-uhm, maw-zuh-lee-uhm)]

A tomb, or a building containing tombs. Mausoleums are often richly decorated. The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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