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mausoleum

[maw-suh-lee-uh m, -zuh-] /ˌmɔ səˈli əm, -zə-/
noun, plural mausoleums, mausolea
[maw-suh-lee-uh, -zuh-] /ˌmɔ səˈli ə, -zə-/ (Show IPA)
1.
a stately and magnificent tomb.
2.
a burial place for the bodies or remains of many individuals, often of a single family, usually in the form of a small building.
3.
a large, gloomy, depressing building, room, or the like.
4.
(initial capital letter) the tomb erected at Halicarnassus in Asia Minor in 350? b.c.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English < Latin < Greek Mausoleîon the tomb of Mausolus, king of Caria
Related forms
mausolean, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for mausoleum
  • It is a mentality that, once it takes hold, risks transforming a living city into an urban mausoleum.
  • It was here, at the end of his daring and bloodstained career, that he was laid to rest in a noble mausoleum.
  • And his mummified body lies in an eerie mausoleum in the square.
  • It may lend a hand by embellishing a cathedral, rhyming a thesis, providing a tyranny with a suitable anthem or mausoleum.
  • Underneath a new, glittering surface, it will remain the same cultural mausoleum.
  • He had chosen her as window dressing for the mausoleum he runs, but her strength and grace have touched him.
  • It's really a mausoleum, and he is both caretaker and corpse.
  • His mausoleum was rigged with crossbows to ambush intruders.
  • At the national cemetery in the capital, a mob tore apart the late dictator's marble- and-granite mausoleum.
  • The cemetery offers full burials, a community mausoleum, and private estates.
British Dictionary definitions for mausoleum

mausoleum

/ˌmɔːsəˈlɪəm/
noun (pl) -leums, -lea (-ˈlɪə)
1.
a large stately tomb
Derived Forms
mausolean, adjective
Word Origin
C16: via Latin from Greek mausōleion, the tomb of Mausolus, king of Caria; built at Halicarnassus in the 4th century bc
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mausoleum
n.

"magnificent tomb," 1540s, from Latin mausoleum, from Greek Mausoleion, name of the massive marble tomb built 353 B.C.E. at Halicarnassus (Greek city in Asia Minor) for Mausolos, Persian satrap who made himself king of Caria. It was built by his wife (and sister), Artemisia. Counted among the Seven Wonders of the ancient world, it was destroyed by an earthquake in the Middle Ages. General sense of "any stately burial-place" is from c.1600.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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mausoleum in Culture
mausoleum [(maw-suh-lee-uhm, maw-zuh-lee-uhm)]

A tomb, or a building containing tombs. Mausoleums are often richly decorated. The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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