mausoleums

mausoleum

[maw-suh-lee-uhm, -zuh-]
noun, plural mausoleums, mausolea [maw-suh-lee-uh, -zuh-] .
1.
a stately and magnificent tomb.
2.
a burial place for the bodies or remains of many individuals, often of a single family, usually in the form of a small building.
3.
a large, gloomy, depressing building, room, or the like.
4.
(initial capital letter) the tomb erected at Halicarnassus in Asia Minor in 350? b.c.


Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English < Latin < Greek Mausoleîon the tomb of Mausolus, king of Caria

mausolean, adjective
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World English Dictionary
mausoleum (ˌmɔːsəˈlɪəm)
 
n , pl -leums, -lea
a large stately tomb
 
[C16: via Latin from Greek mausōleion, the tomb of Mausolus, king of Caria; built at Halicarnassus in the 4th century bc]
 
mauso'lean
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mausoleum
1546, from L. mausoleum "magnificent tomb," from Gk. Mausoleion, massive marble tomb built 353 B.C.E. at Halicarnassus (Gk. city in Asia Minor) for Mausolos, Persian satrap who made himself king of Caria. It was built by his wife (and sister), Artemisia. It was counted among the Seven Wonders of the
ancient world. Destroyed by an earthquake in the Middle Ages. General sense of "any stately burial-place" is from 1600.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
mausoleum [(maw-suh-lee-uhm, maw-zuh-lee-uhm)]

A tomb, or a building containing tombs. Mausoleums are often richly decorated. The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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