one member of the three pairs of appendages situated immediately behind the maxillae of crustaceans.

1840–50; maxill(a) + -i- + -ped

maxillipedary, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
maxilliped (mækˈsɪlɪˌpɛd)
any member of three pairs of appendages in crustaceans, behind the maxillae: specialized for feeding
[C19: maxilli-, from maxilla + -ped]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Example sentences
The maxilliped, having responded to the smell of the alga, is pulled toward the body.
The dashed outlines of the maxilliped and swimming legs show positions they occupied only during the active capture sequence.
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