maxim

[mak-sim]

Origin:
1400–50; late Middle English maximeMedieval Latin maxima (orig. in phrase maxima prōpositiō axiom, literally, greatest proposition), noun use of feminine of Latin maximus, superlative of magnus great; see much

adage, aphorism, apothegm, axiom, maxim, proverb.


1. aphorism, saying, adage, apothegm. See proverb.
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Maxim

[mak-sim; for 4 also French mak-seem, Russian muh-ksyeem]
noun
1.
Hiram Percy, 1869–1936, U.S. inventor.
2.
his father, Sir Hiram Stevens, 1840–1916, English inventor, born in the U.S.: inventor of the maxim gun.
3.
Hudson, 1853–1927, U.S. inventor and explosives expert (brother of Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim).
4.
a male given name, form of Maximilian.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
maxim (ˈmæksɪm)
 
n
a brief expression of a general truth, principle, or rule of conduct
 
[C15: via French from Medieval Latin, from maxima, in the phrase maxima prōpositio basic axiom (literally: greatest proposition); see maximum]

Maxim (ˈmæksɪm)
 
n
Sir Hiram Stevens. 1840--1916, British inventor of the first automatic machine gun (1884), born in the US

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

maxim
"precept, principle," 1426, from M.Fr. maxime, from L.L. maxima, usually in maxima propositio "axiom," lit. "greatest premise," fem. of maximus "greatest" (see maximum).

Maxim
single-barreled, water-cooled machine gun, 1885, named for inventor, U.S.-born British engineer Sir Hiram S. Maxim (1840-1916).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But from time to time he uttered cynical maxims about academic work and life
  that have turned out to be accurate.
Interior styling consistently follows the maxims of functionality.
But one of the bank's maxims is that it has to be a big fish in a business, or
  not in it at all.
These are all the maxims of good health and mental function at any age.
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