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measure

[mezh-er] /ˈmɛʒ ər/
noun
1.
a unit or standard of measurement:
weights and measures.
2.
a system of measurement:
liquid measure.
3.
an instrument, as a graduated rod or a container of standard capacity, for measuring.
4.
the extent, dimensions, quantity, etc., of something, ascertained especially by comparison with a standard:
to take the measure of a thing.
5.
the act or process of ascertaining the extent, dimensions, or quantity of something; measurement.
6.
a definite or known quantity measured out:
to drink a measure of wine.
7.
any standard of comparison, estimation, or judgment.
8.
a quantity, degree, or proportion:
in large measure.
9.
a moderate amount:
to live with a measure of enjoyment.
10.
a limit, or an extent or degree not to be exceeded:
to know no measure.
11.
reasonable bounds or limits:
to know no measure.
12.
a legislative bill or enactment:
The senate passed the new measure.
13.
Usually, measures. actions or procedures intended as a means to an end:
to take measures to avert suspicion.
14.
a short rhythmical movement or arrangement, as in poetry or music.
Compare meter2 (def 1b).
15.
a particular kind of such arrangement.
16.
a metrical unit.
17.
Music.
  1. the music contained between two bar lines; bar.
  2. an air or melody.
  3. a slow, dignified dance.
18.
Printing. the width, measured in ems or picas, to which a column or page of printed matter is set.
19.
measures, Geology. beds; strata.
20.
Mathematics. an abstraction of the property of length; a set function assigning to each set of a collection of sets a value, usually having the properties of sigma finiteness and fnite additivity, the functional value of the whole collection being greater than zero.
verb (used with object), measured, measuring.
21.
to ascertain the extent, dimensions, quantity, capacity, etc., of, especially by comparison with a standard:
to measure boundaries.
22.
to mark off or deal out by way of measurement (often followed by off or out):
to measure out two cups of flour.
23.
to estimate the relative amount, value, etc., of, by comparison with some standard:
to measure the importance of an issue.
24.
to judge or appraise by comparison with something or someone else:
to measure Corneille against Racine.
25.
to serve as the measure of:
Her sacrifices measure the degree of her love.
26.
to adjust or proportion:
to measure a portion to one's liking.
27.
to bring into comparison or competition:
to measure one's strength with another's.
28.
to travel over; traverse:
to measure a room with great strides.
verb (used without object), measured, measuring.
29.
to take measurements.
30.
to admit of measurement.
31.
to be of a specified measure.
Verb phrases
32.
measure up,
  1. to reach a certain standard:
    The exhibition didn't measure up to last year's.
  2. to be capable or qualified:
    As an administrator, he couldn't quite measure up.
Idioms
33.
beyond measure, too much to be reckoned; immeasurably; extremely:
The suffering that they endured was beyond measure.
34.
for good measure, as an extra:
In addition to dessert, they served chocolates for good measure.
35.
have / take someone's measure, to judge or assess someone's character, capabilities, etc.; size up:
During their conversation she was taking his measure as a prospective employee.
36.
in a / some measure, to some extent or degree:
His conclusion is justified in some measure.
37.
measure one's length, to fall or be knocked down; fall flat:
He missed a step in the dark and measured his length at the bottom.
38.
measure swords,
  1. to test one's preparedness for a contest or encounter.
  2. to battle with swords.
  3. to fight, compete, etc.:
    The producer of the poorly reviewed show decided to measure swords with the critics.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English mesure < Middle French < Latin mēnsūra equivalent to mēns(us) (past participle of mētīrī to measure, mete) + -ūra -ure
Related forms
measurer, noun
intermeasure, verb (used with object), intermeasured, intermeasuring.
mismeasure, verb, mismeasured, mismeasuring.
outmeasure, verb (used with object), outmeasured, outmeasuring.
premeasure, verb (used with object), premeasured, premeasuring.
remeasure, verb (used with object), remeasured, remeasuring.
undermeasure, verb (used with object), undermeasured, undermeasuring, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for measure his length

measure

/ˈmɛʒə/
noun
1.
the extent, quantity, amount, or degree of something, as determined by measurement or calculation
2.
a device for measuring distance, volume, etc, such as a graduated scale or container
3.
a system of measurement give the size in metric measure
4.
a standard used in a system of measurements the international prototype kilogram is the measure of mass in SI units
5.
a specific or standard amount of something a measure of grain, short measure, full measure
6.
a basis or standard for comparison his work was the measure of all subsequent attempts
7.
reasonable or permissible limit or bounds we must keep it within measure
8.
degree or extent (often in phrases such as in some measure, in a measure, etc) they gave him a measure of freedom
9.
(often pl) a particular action intended to achieve an effect they took measures to prevent his leaving
10.
a legislative bill, act, or resolution to bring in a measure
11.
(music) another word for bar1 (sense 15a)
12.
(prosody) poetic rhythm or cadence; metre
13.
a metrical foot
14.
(poetic) a melody or tune
15.
the act of measuring; measurement
16.
(archaic) a dance
17.
(printing) the width of a page or column of type
18.
for good measure, as an extra precaution or beyond requirements
19.
get the measure of someone, get someone's measure, to assess the nature, character, quality, etc, of someone
20.
made to measure, (of clothes) made to fit an individual purchaser
verb
21.
(transitive) often foll by up. to determine the size, amount, etc, of by measurement
22.
(intransitive) to make a measurement or measurements
23.
(transitive) to estimate or determine I measured his strength to be greater than mine
24.
(transitive) to function as a measurement of the ohm measures electrical resistance
25.
(transitive) to bring into competition or conflict he measured his strength against that of his opponent
26.
(intransitive) to be as specified in extent, amount, etc the room measures six feet
27.
(transitive) to travel or move over as if measuring
28.
(transitive) to adjust or choose he measured his approach to suit the character of his client
29.
(intransitive) to allow or yield to measurement
Derived Forms
measurer, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French, from Latin mēnsūra measure, from mēnsus, past participle of mētīrī to measure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for measure his length
measure
c.1300, from O.Fr. mesurer, from L.L. mensurare "to measure," from L. mensura "a measuring, a thing to measure by," from mensus, pp. of metiri "to measure," from PIE *ma-/*me- "measure" (see meter (2)). Replaced O.E. cognate mæð "measure." The noun also is attested from c.1300. Meaning "treatment 'meted out' to someone" is from 1590s; that of "plan or course of action intended to obtain some goal" is from 1690s; sense of "legislative enactment" is from 1759. To measure up "have the necessary abilities" is 1910, Amer.Eng. Phrase for good measure (late 14c.) is lit. "ample in quantity, in goods sold by measure." Related: Measuring.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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measure his length in Medicine

measure meas·ure (mězh'ər)
n.

  1. Dimensions, quantity, or capacity as ascertained by comparison with a standard.

  2. A reference standard or sample used for the quantitative comparison of properties.

  3. A unit specified by a scale, such as a degree, or by variable conditions, such as room temperature.

  4. A system of measurement, such as the metric system.

  5. A device used for measuring.

  6. The act of measuring.

  7. An evaluation or a basis of comparison.

  8. Extent or degree.

  9. A definite quantity that has been measured out.

v. meas·ured, meas·ur·ing, meas·ures
  1. To ascertain the dimensions, quantity, or capacity of.

  2. To mark, lay out, or establish dimensions for by measuring.

  3. To bring into comparison.

  4. To mark off or apportion, usually with reference to a given unit of measurement.

  5. To serve as a measure of.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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measure his length in the Bible

Several words are so rendered in the Authorized Version. (1.) Those which are indefinite. (a) Hok, Isa. 5:14, elsewhere "statute." (b) Mad, Job 11:9; Jer. 13:25, elsewhere "garment." (c) Middah, the word most frequently thus translated, Ex. 26:2, 8, etc. (d) Mesurah, Lev. 19:35; 1 Chr. 23:29. (e) Mishpat, Jer. 30:11, elsewhere "judgment." (f) Mithkoneth and token, Ezek. 45:11. (g) In New Testament metron, the usual Greek word thus rendered (Matt. 7:2; 23:32; Mark 4:24). (2.) Those which are definite. (a) 'Eyphah, Deut. 25:14, 15, usually "ephah." (b) Ammah, Jer. 51:13, usually "cubit." (c) Kor, 1 Kings 4:22, elsewhere "cor;" Greek koros, Luke 16:7. (d) Seah, Gen. 18:6; 1 Sam. 25:18, a seah; Greek saton, Matt. 13:33; Luke 13:21. (e) Shalish, "a great measure," Isa. 40:12; literally a third, i.e., of an ephah. (f) In New Testament batos, Luke 16:6, the Hebrew "bath;" and choinix, Rev. 6:6, the choenix, equal in dry commodities to one-eighth of a modius.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with measure his length
In addition to the idiom beginning with
measure
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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