medical examiner

noun
1.
a physician or other person trained in medicine who is appointed by a city, county, or the like, to perform autopsies on the bodies of persons supposed to have died from unnatural causes and to investigate the cause and circumstances of such deaths.
2.
a physician retained by an insurance company, industrial firm, or the like, to give medical examinations to its clients or employees.

Origin:
1840–50

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
medical examiner
 
n
1.  chiefly (US) Compare coroner a medical expert, usually a physician, employed by a state or local government to determine the cause of sudden death in cases of suspected violence, suicide, etc
2.  a physician who carries out medical examinations

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

medical examiner n.
Abbr. ME

  1. A physician officially authorized by a governmental unit to ascertain causes of deaths, especially those not occurring under natural circumstances.

  2. A physician who examines employees of a particular firm or applicants for life insurance.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Suppose the medical examiner does several autopsies and sees a pattern that a
  lot of people are dying of food poisoning.
The medical examiner noted that he had a pre-existing pulmonary condition.
The days after the crash were a dark time for him, a period in which he left
  his home only to talk to the medical examiner.
Each county must have a coroner or medical examiner.
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