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[med-uh-sin or, esp. British, med-suh n] /ˈmɛd ə sɪn or, esp. British, ˈmɛd sən/
any substance or substances used in treating disease or illness; medicament; remedy.
the art or science of restoring or preserving health or due physical condition, as by means of drugs, surgical operations or appliances, or manipulations: often divided into medicine proper, surgery, and obstetrics.
the art or science of treating disease with drugs or curative substances, as distinguished from surgery and obstetrics.
the medical profession.
(among North American Indians) any object or practice regarded as having magical powers.
verb (used with object), medicined, medicining.
to administer medicine to.
give someone a dose / taste of his / her own medicine, to repay or punish a person for an injury by use of the offender's own methods.
take one's medicine, to undergo or accept punishment, especially deserved punishment:
He took his medicine like a man.
Origin of medicine
1175-1225; Middle English medicin < Latin medicīna (ars) healing (art), feminine of medicīnus pertaining to a physician. See medical, -ine1
Related forms
antimedicine, adjective
supermedicine, noun
1. medication, drug; pharmaceutical; physic.

medical dictionary

a specialized dictionary covering terms used in the health professions by doctors, nurses, and others involved in allied health care services. A dictionary with authoritative spellings and definitions is a particularly crucial resource in medicine, where a misspelling or misunderstanding can have unfortunate consequences for people under care. Print dictionaries in this field may be sorted alphabetically or may be categorized according to medical specializations or by the various systems in the body, as the immune system and the respiratory system. The online Medical Dictionary on allows alphabetical browsing in the combined electronic versions of more than one authoritative medical reference, insuring access to correct spellings, as well as immediate, direct access to a known search term typed into the search box on the site:
A medical dictionary reveals that large numbers of medical terms are formed from the same Latin and Greek parts combined and recombined. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for medicine
  • You read what you can and put that together with your own basic understanding of medicine.
  • This particular morning starts with preventive medicine.
  • You still practice medicine.
  • That discovery could lead to a new medicine.
  • These inquisitive essays are a strong antidote to modern medicine's tendency to treat the body as a machine.
  • We try to complement the medicine that those brilliant doctors and amazing hospital staff do every day.
  • The hope is that personalised medicine could both make treatment more effective and reduce side-effects.
  • It can be particularly useful to closely track a patient's response to a particular dosage of medicine.
  • Robots in medicine aren't intended to replace surgeons, says Pearson, but act as companion devices.
  • He wasn't prepared to announce my name until a very special person was present—the traditional medicine woman of our village.
British Dictionary definitions for medicine


/ˈmɛdɪsɪn; ˈmɛdsɪn/
any drug or remedy for use in treating, preventing, or alleviating the symptoms of disease
the science of preventing, diagnosing, alleviating, or curing disease
any nonsurgical branch of medical science
the practice or profession of medicine: he's in medicine, related adjectives Aesculapian iatric
something regarded by primitive people as having magical or remedial properties
take one's medicine, to accept a deserved punishment
a taste of one's own medicine, a dose of one's own medicine, an unpleasant experience in retaliation for and by similar methods to an unkind or aggressive act
Word Origin
C13: via Old French from Latin medicīna (ars) (art of) healing, from medicus doctor, from medērī to heal
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for medicine

c.1200, "medical treatment, cure, remedy," also used figuratively, of spiritual remedies, from Old French medecine (Modern French médicine) "medicine, art of healing, cure, treatment, potion," from Latin medicina "the healing art, medicine; a remedy," also used figuratively, perhaps originally ars medicina "the medical art," from fem. of medicinus (adj.) "of a doctor," from medicus "a physician" (see medical); though OED finds evidence for this is wanting. Meaning "a medicinal potion or plaster" in English is mid-14c.

To take (one's) medicine "submit to something disagreeable" is first recorded 1865. North American Indian medicine-man "shaman" is first attested 1801, from American Indian adoption of the word medicine in sense of "magical influence." The U.S.-Canadian boundary they called Medicine Line (first attested 1910), because it conferred a kind of magic protection: punishment for crimes committed on one side of it could be avoided by crossing over to the other. Medicine show "traveling show meant to attract a crowd so patent medicine can be sold to them" is American English, 1938. Medicine ball "stuffed leather ball used for exercise" is from 1889.

It is called a "medicine ball" and it got that title from Prof. Roberts, now of Springfield, whose fame is widespread, and whose bright and peculiar dictionary of terms for his prescription department in physical culture is taught in every first-class conducted Y.M.C.A. gymnasium in America. Prof. Roberts calls it a "medicine ball" because playful exercise with it invigorates the body, promotes digestion, and restores and preserves one's health. ["Scientific American Supplement," March 16, 1889]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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medicine in Medicine

medicine med·i·cine (měd'ĭ-sĭn)

  1. The science of diagnosing, treating, or preventing disease and other damage to the body or mind.

  2. The branch of this science encompassing treatment by drugs, diet, exercise, and other nonsurgical means.

  3. The practice of medicine.

  4. An agent, such as a drug, used to treat disease or injury.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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medicine in Science
  1. The scientific study or practice of diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases or disorders of the body or mind of a person or animal.

  2. An agent, such as a drug, used to treat disease or injury.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for medicine


Related Terms

god's medicine, take one's medicine

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with medicine
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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