melancholy

[mel-uhn-kol-ee]
noun, plural melancholies.
1.
a gloomy state of mind, especially when habitual or prolonged; depression.
2.
sober thoughtfulness; pensiveness.
3.
Archaic.
a.
the condition of having too much black bile, considered in ancient and medieval medicine to cause gloominess and depression.
b.
black bile.
adjective
4.
affected with, characterized by, or showing melancholy; mournful; depressed: a melancholy mood.
5.
causing melancholy or sadness; saddening: a melancholy occasion.
6.
soberly thoughtful; pensive.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English melancholie < Late Latin melancholia < Greek melancholía condition of having black bile, equivalent to melan- melan- + chol() bile + -ia -ia

melancholily, adverb
melancholiness, noun
unmelancholy, adjective


1. sadness, dejection, despondency. 2. seriousness. 4. gloomy, despondent, blue, dispirited, sorrowful, dismal, doleful, glum, downcast. 6. serious.


1. cheer, happiness. 5. happy.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
melancholy (ˈmɛlənkəlɪ)
 
n , pl -cholies
1.  a constitutional tendency to gloominess or depression
2.  a sad thoughtful state of mind; pensiveness
3.  archaic
 a.  a gloomy character, thought to be caused by too much black bile
 b.  See humour one of the four bodily humours; black bile
 
adj
4.  characterized by, causing, or expressing sadness, dejection, etc
 
[C14: via Old French from Late Latin melancholia, from Greek melankholia, from melas black + kholē bile]
 
melancholily
 
adv
 
'melancholiness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

melancholy
c.1300, "condition characterized by sullenness, gloom, irritability," from O.Fr. melancholie, from L.L. melancholia, from Gk. melankholia "sadness," lit. "black bile," from melas (gen. melanos) "black" (see melanin) + khole "bile" (see Chloe).
Medieval physiology attributed depression to excess of "black bile," a secretion of the spleen and one of the body's four "humors." Adj. sense of "sullen, gloomy" is from 1526; sense of "deplorable" (of a fact or state of things) is from 1710.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

melancholy mel·an·chol·y (měl'ən-kŏl'ē)
n.

  1. Sadness or depression of the spirits; gloom.

  2. Melancholia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
He had no successful military experience, no formal education, and suffered
  from depression and melancholy all his life.
Next week is our last full week together before I head back, and we all are
  melancholy.
His romances were brilliant and powerful, but his own life seemed muted and
  melancholy.
But a kind of pleasant melancholy had set in which no amount of vodka and
  caviar could cure.
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