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meliorate

[meel-yuh-reyt, mee-lee-uh-] /ˈmil yəˌreɪt, ˈmi li ə-/
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), meliorated, meliorating.
Origin
1545-1555
1545-55; < Latin meliōrātus (past participle of meliōrāre) to make better, improve, equivalent to meliōr- (stem of melior) better + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
meliorable
[meel-yer-uh-buh l, mee-lee-er-uh-] /ˈmil yər ə bəl, ˈmi li ər ə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
meliorative
[meel-yuh-rey-tiv, -yer-uh-tiv, mee-lee-uh-rey-, -er-uh-] /ˈmil yəˌreɪ tɪv, -yər ə tɪv, ˈmi li əˌreɪ-, -ər ə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
meliorator, noun
unmeliorated, adjective

ameliorate

[uh-meel-yuh-reyt, uh-mee-lee-uh-] /əˈmil yəˌreɪt, əˈmi li ə-/
verb (used with object), verb (used without object), ameliorated, ameliorating.
1.
to make or become better, more bearable, or more satisfactory; improve:
strategies to ameliorate negative effects on the environment.
Also, meliorate.
Origin
1760-70; a-5 + meliorate
Related forms
ameliorable, adjective
ameliorableness, noun
ameliorant, noun
ameliorative, amelioratory
[uh-meel-yer-uh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee, uh-mee-lee-uh-] /əˈmil yər əˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i, əˈmi li ə-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
ameliorator, noun
unameliorable, adjective
unameliorated, adjective
unameliorative, adjective
Can be confused
ameliorate, obviate, vitiate.
Synonyms
amend, better. See improve.
Antonyms
worsen.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for meliorates

ameliorate

/əˈmiːljəˌreɪt/
verb
1.
to make or become better; improve
Derived Forms
ameliorable (əˈmiːljərəbəl) adjective
ameliorant, noun
ameliorative, adjective
ameliorator, noun
Usage note
Ameliorate is often wrongly used where alleviate is meant. Ameliorate is properly used to mean `improve', not `make easier to bear', so one should talk about alleviating pain or hardship, not ameliorating it
Word Origin
C18: from meliorate, influenced by French améliorer to improve, from Old French ameillorer to make better, from meillor better, from Latin melior

meliorate

/ˈmiːlɪəˌreɪt/
verb
1.
a variant of ameliorate
Derived Forms
meliorable, adjective
meliorative (ˈmiːlɪərətɪv) adjective, noun
meliorator, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for meliorates

meliorate

v.

1550s, "to make better," back-formation from melioration or else from Late Latin melioratus, past participle of Latin meliorare "improve," from melior "better," used as comparative of bonus "good," but probably originally meaning "stronger," from PIE root *mel- "strong, great, numerous" (see multi-). Related: Meliorated; meliorating; melioration; meliorative.

ameliorate

v.

1728, perhaps a back-formation from amelioration on pattern of French améliorer. The simpler form meliorate was used in Middle English. Related: Ameliorated; ameliorating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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