menhir

menhir

[men-hir]
noun Archaeology.
an upright monumental stone standing either alone or with others, as in an alignment, found chiefly in Cornwall and Brittany.

Origin:
1830–40; < Breton phrase men hir, equivalent to men stone + hir long

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menhir (ˈmɛnhɪə)
 
n
a single standing stone, often carved, dating from the middle Bronze Age in the British Isles and from the late Neolithic Age in W Europe
 
[C19: from Breton men stone + hir long]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

menhir
1840, "upright monumental stone," lit. "long stone," from Fr., from Breton men "stone" + hir "long" (cf. Welsh maen hir, Cornish medn hir).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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