[men-shuh-vik; Russian myin-shi-vyeek]
noun, plural Mensheviks, Mensheviki [men-shuh-vik-ee, -vee-kee; Russian myin-shi-vyi-kyee] .
a member of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party in opposition to the Bolsheviks: advocated gradual development of full socialism through parliamentary government and cooperation with bourgeois parties; absorbed into the Communist party formed in 1918.
Also, menshevik.

1905–10; < Russian menʾshevík, equivalent to ménʾsh() lesser (comparative of málenʾkiĭ small; compare menʾshinstvó minority) + -evik, variant of -ovik noun suffix

Menshevism [men-shuh-viz-uhm] , noun
Menshevist, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Menshevik or Menshevist (ˈmɛnʃɪvɪk)
Compare Bolshevik a member of the moderate wing of the Russian Social Democratic Party, advocating gradual reform to achieve socialism
[C20: from Russian, literally: minority, from menshe less, from malo few]
Menshevist or Menshevist
[C20: from Russian, literally: minority, from menshe less, from malo few]
'Menshevism or Menshevist

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1917, from Rus. men'shevik, from men'she "lesser" (comp. of malo "little," from PIE base *men- "to lessen, diminish") + -evik "one that is." So called by Lenin because they were a minority in the party. Earlier used in ref. to the minority faction of the Social-Democratic Party, when it split in 1903.
Russian pl. mensheviki occasionally was used in Eng.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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