[mur-kuhn-teel, -tahyl, -til]
of or pertaining to merchants or trade; commercial.
engaged in trade or commerce: a mercantile nation.
Economics. of or pertaining to the mercantile system.

1635–45; < French < Italian: pertaining to merchants, equivalent to mercant(e) merchant (< Latin mercant-, stem of mercāns buyer, noun use of present participle of mercārī to buy) + -ile -ile

nonmercantile, adjective
quasi-mercantile, adjective
unmercantile, adjective

1. See commercial. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
mercantile (ˈmɜːkənˌtaɪl)
1.  of, relating to, or characteristic of trade or traders; commercial
2.  of or relating to mercantilism
[C17: from French, from Italian, from mercantemerchant]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1640s, via Fr., It., and M.L. mercantile, from L. mercantem (nom. mercans) "a merchant," also "trading," prp. of mercari "to trade," from merx (see market). Mercantile system first appears in Adam Smith (1776).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Some of that control was enforced through political power or contrived through mercantile guile.
Everybody who feels an interest in our mercantile marine is sorrowing at its present depressed condition.
He obtained what was considered in those days a fair education, and entered mercantile life.
Although small-scale and discreet, those old-fashioned shows clearly served a mercantile purpose.
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