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[mes-eng-kahym, mez-] /ˈmɛs ɛŋ kaɪm, ˈmɛz-/
noun, Embryology
cells of mesodermal origin that are capable of developing into connective tissues, blood, and lymphatic and blood vessels.
1885-90; variant of mesenchyma < New Latin < Greek mesénchyma, equivalent to mes- mes- + énchyma infusion
Related forms
[mes-eng-kuh-muh l, mez-] /mɛsˈɛŋ kə məl, ˌmɛz-/ (Show IPA),
[mes-eng-kahy-muh-tuh s, mez-] /ˌmɛs ɛŋˈkaɪ mə təs, ˌmɛz-/ (Show IPA),
adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for mesenchymal
  • The gene expression of the putative stem cells, however, resembled that of a mesenchymal cell.
  • mesenchymal stem cells are found arrayed around the central sinus in the bone marrow.
British Dictionary definitions for mesenchymal


(embryol) the part of the mesoderm that develops into connective tissue, cartilage, lymph, blood, etc
Derived Forms
mesenchymal (mɛsˈɛŋkɪməl), mesenchymatous (ˌmɛsɛŋˈkɪmətəs) adjective
Word Origin
C19: New Latin, from meso- + -enchyma
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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mesenchymal in Medicine

mesenchyme mes·en·chyme (měz'ən-kīm', měs'-)
The part of the embryonic mesoderm that consists of loosely packed, unspecialized cells that are set in a gelatinous ground substance, from which connective tissue, bone, cartilage, and the circulatory and lymphatic systems develop.

mes·en'chy·mal (měz-ěng'kə-məl, měs-, měz'ən-kī'məl, měs'-) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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