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metropolis

[mi-trop-uh-lis] /mɪˈtrɒp ə lɪs/
noun, plural metropolises.
1.
any large, busy city.
2.
the chief, and sometimes capital, city of a country, state, or region.
3.
a central or principal place, as of some activity:
the music metropolis of France.
4.
the mother city or parent state of a colony, especially of an ancient Greek colony.
5.
the chief see of an ecclesiastical province.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Late Latin mētropolis < Greek mētrópolis a mother state or city, equivalent to mētro-, combining form of mḗtēr mother + pólis -polis, polis
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for metropolises

metropolis

/mɪˈtrɒpəlɪs/
noun (pl) -lises
1.
the main city, esp of a country or region; capital
2.
a centre of activity
3.
the chief see in an ecclesiastical province
Word Origin
C16: from Late Latin from Greek: mother city or state, from mētēr mother + polis city
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for metropolises

metropolis

n.

"seat of a metropolitan bishop," 1530s, from Late Latin metropolis; see metropolitan. Meaning "chief town or capital city of a province" is first attested 1580s, earlier metropol (late 14c.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for metropolises

metropolis

a major city together with its suburbs and nearby cities, towns, and environs over which the major city exercises a commanding economic and social influence. Literally construed, metropolis from the Greek means "mother city," and by implication there are progeny or dependents scattered about the core area. Sometimes there may be two or more major cities, as in the Tokyo-Yokohama Metropolitan Area (Japan) or an agglomeration of metropolitan boroughs as in Greater London (England). The U.S. Census employs a unit called a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) which includes either (1) a city with a population of at least 50,000 or (2) an urbanized area of at least 50,000 population with a total metropolitan population of at least 100,000 (75,000 in New England). An urbanized area is defined as having a population of at least 50,000, and a population density of at least 1,000 per square mile.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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