metropolises

metropolis

[mi-trop-uh-lis]
noun, plural metropolises.
1.
any large, busy city.
2.
the chief, and sometimes capital, city of a country, state, or region.
3.
a central or principal place, as of some activity: the music metropolis of France.
4.
the mother city or parent state of a colony, especially of an ancient Greek colony.
5.
the chief see of an ecclesiastical province.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin mētropolis < Greek mētrópolis a mother state or city, equivalent to mētro-, combining form of mḗtēr mother + pólis -polis, polis

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World English Dictionary
metropolis (mɪˈtrɒpəlɪs)
 
n , pl -lises
1.  the main city, esp of a country or region; capital
2.  a centre of activity
3.  the chief see in an ecclesiastical province
 
[C16: from Late Latin from Greek: mother city or state, from mētēr mother + polis city]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

metropolis
"seat of a metropolitan bishop," 1530s, see metropolitan. Meaning "chief town or capital city of a province" is first attested 1580s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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