something hidden, a town of Benjamin (Ezra 2:27), east of Bethel and south of Migron, on the road to Jerusalem (Isa. 10:28). It lay on the line of march of an invading army from the north, on the north side of the steep and precipitous Wady es-Suweinit ("valley of the little thorn-tree" or "the acacia"), and now bears the name of Mukhmas. This wady is called "the passage of Michmash" (1 Sam. 13:23). Immediately facing Mukhmas, on the opposite side of the ravine, is the modern representative of Geba, and behind this again are Ramah and Gibeah. This was the scene of a great battle fought between the army of Saul and the Philistines, who were utterly routed and pursued for some 16 miles towards Philistia as far as the valley of Aijalon. "The freedom of Benjamin secured at Michmash led through long years of conflict to the freedom of all its kindred tribes." The power of Benjamin and its king now steadily increased. A new spirit and a new hope were now at work in Israel. (See SAUL.)
The enemy is come to Aiath, he is passed to Migron; at michmash he hath laid up his carriages.
But the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of michmash.
One rock rose up north of michmash, and the other south of Geba.
The exploit was worthy to be ranked with the famous achievement of Jonathan and his armour-bearer at the pass of michmash.
No city was taken from the Philistines, no garrison put to flight, as at michmash.
Jonathan took up his position in the fortress of michmash, where Saul had once fixed his headquarters.
And they smote of the Philistines that day from michmash to Aijalon: and the people were very faint.
Not far thence we one day crossed the great gorge of michmash, where was the fortress of the Philistines that Jonathan assaulted.
The one crag rose up on the north in front of michmash, and the other on the south in front of Geba.
The Philistines had advanced to the fortress of michmash and, finding no opposition, had dispersed in search of plunder.