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midge

[mij] /mɪdʒ/
noun
1.
any of numerous minute dipterous insects, especially of the family Chironomidae, somewhat resembling a mosquito.
Compare gnat (def 1).
2.
a tiny person.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English mygge, Old English mycg(e); cognate with German Mücke, Old Norse mȳ; akin to Greek myîa, Latin musca fly
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for midges

midge

/mɪdʒ/
noun
1.
any fragile mosquito-like dipterous insect of the family Chironomidae, occurring in dancing swarms, esp near water
2.
any similar or related insect, such as the biting midge and gall midge
3.
a small or diminutive person or animal
Derived Forms
midgy, adjective
Word Origin
Old English mycge; compare Old High German mucca, Danish myg
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for midges

midge

n.

Old English mygg, mycg "gnat," from Proto-Germanic *mugjon (cf. Swedish mygga, Old Saxon muggia, Middle Dutch mugghe, Dutch mug, Old High German mucka, German Mücke "midge, gnat"). No certain cognates beyond Germanic, unless doubtful Armenian mun "gnat" and Albanian mize "gnat" are counted. But Watkins, Klein and others suggest an imitative root used for various humming insects and a relationship to Latin musca (see mosquito). Meaning "diminutive person" is from 1796.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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midges in Medicine

midge (mĭj)
n.
Any of various gnatlike flies, some species of which, such as the biting midges of the family Ceratopogonidae, serve as vectors for parasitic diseases.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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