a strong military spirit or policy.
the principle or policy of maintaining a large military establishment.
the tendency to regard military efficiency as the supreme ideal of the state and to subordinate all other interests to those of the military.

1860–65; < French militarisme, equivalent to militar- (< Latin mīlitār(is) military) + -isme -ism

antimilitarism, noun
promilitarism, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
militarism (ˈmɪlɪtəˌrɪzəm)
1.  military spirit; pursuit of military ideals
2.  domination by the military in the formulation of policies, ideals, etc, esp on a political level
3.  a policy of maintaining a strong military organization in aggressive preparedness for war

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1864, from Fr. militarisme; see military + -ism.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Schurz declares that the spirit of militarism is a serious peril to the nation.
Not only is it unjust but it places a severe drag on productivity, creates more welfare need, more militarism.
He edges past quietly, no swagger, no militarism about his gait.
Poverty breeds terrorism, militarism, and discontent.
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