militia

[mi-lish-uh]
noun
1.
a body of citizens enrolled for military service, and called out periodically for drill but serving full time only in emergencies.
2.
a body of citizen soldiers as distinguished from professional soldiers.
3.
all able-bodied males considered by law eligible for military service.
4.
a body of citizens organized in a paramilitary group and typically regarding themselves as defenders of individual rights against the presumed interference of the federal government.

Origin:
1580–90; < Latin mīlitia soldiery, equivalent to mīlit- (stem of mīles) soldier + -ia -ia

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World English Dictionary
militia (mɪˈlɪʃə)
 
n
1.  a body of citizen (as opposed to professional) soldiers
2.  an organization containing men enlisted for service in emergency only
 
[C16: from Latin: soldiery, from mīles soldier]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

militia
1590, "system of military discipline," from L. militia "military service, warfare," from miles "soldier" (see military). Sense of "citizen army" (as distinct from professional soldiers) is first recorded 1696, perhaps from Fr. milice. In U.S. history, "the whole body of
men declared by law amenable to military service, without enlistment, whether armed and drilled or not" (1777).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
As state militias were mustered into service they naturally brought along their
  bands.
Rebel militias in the area have been accused of slaughtering and eating the
  critically endangered apes.
Their militias stopped cars at every other intersection to demand money or
  weapons.
He helped form militias and private-security companies, and sometimes used them
  for his own ends.
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