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milkweed floss

seed fibre of Asclepias syriaca, or common milkweed, and A. incarnata, or butterfly weed, both of which are plants of the Asclepiadaceae family and grow in North America. The soft, buoyant, lustrous floss is yellowish white in colour and is made up of individual fibres that are about 1 to 3 cm (0.375 to 1.12 inches) in length and 20 to 50 microns (0.0008 to 0.002 inch) in diameter. The seedpods containing the floss are mechanically processed, or ginned, separating the seeds from their attached fibres. The fibres contain oily material and lignin, a woody plant substance, which makes them too brittle for spinning

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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