town, Aveyron departement, Midi-Pyrenees region, southern France. It lies in the Grands-Causses plateau region, at the confluence of the Tarn and Dourbie rivers, southeast of Rodez on the northwestern edge of the Causses du Larzac. In pre-Roman times it was Condatomag, a Celtic community. The Romans renamed it Aemilianum and developed it as a pottery centre. Chartered in 1183, it was ruled by the Aragonese and the English in the Middle Ages. During the Reformation, it became a Huguenot stronghold and rebelled against Louis XIII in 1620. Millau is noted for gloves and Roquefort cheese. Pop. (1982) 19,814; (1990) 22,458.
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