minimal pair

noun Linguistics.
a pair of words, as pin and bin, or bet and bed, differing only by one sound in the same position in each word, especially when such a pair is taken as evidence for the existence of a phonemic contrast between the two sounds.

Origin:
1940–45

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World English Dictionary
minimal pair
 
n
linguistics a pair of speech elements in a given language differing in only one respect and thus serving to identify minimum units such as phonemes, morphemes, etc. For example, tin and din constitute a minimal pair in English

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Example sentences
The teacher can check whether they can distinguish these two sounds accurately with a minimal pair exercise.
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