minuses

minus

[mahy-nuhs]
preposition
1.
less by the subtraction of; decreased by: Ten minus six is four.
2.
lacking or without: a book minus its title page.
adjective
3.
involving or noting subtraction.
4.
algebraically negative: a minus quantity.
5.
less than; just below in quality: to get a C minus on a test.
6.
Informal. having negative qualities or characteristics; inferior.
7.
Mycology. (in heterothallic fungi) designating, in the absence of morphological differentiation, one of the two strains of mycelia that unite in the sexual process.
noun
9.
a minus quantity.
10.
a deficiency or loss.
11.
Informal. a person or thing with no apparent abilities, usefulness, etc.: The last applicant was a definite minus.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English < Latin, neuter of minor less; see minor

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
minus (ˈmaɪnəs)
 
prep
1.  reduced by the subtraction of: four minus two (written 4 -- 2)
2.  informal deprived of; lacking: minus the trimmings, that hat would be ordinary
 
adj
3.  a.  indicating or involving subtraction: a minus sign
 b.  Also: negative having a value or designating a quantity less than zero: a minus number
4.  on the negative part of a scale or coordinate axis: a value of minus 40°C
5.  involving a disadvantage, harm, etc: a minus factor
6.  (postpositive) education slightly below the standard of a particular grade: he received a B minus for his essay
7.  botany designating the strain of a fungus that can only undergo sexual reproduction with a plus strain
8.  denoting a negative electric charge
 
n
9.  short for minus sign
10.  a negative quantity
11.  a disadvantage, loss, or deficit
12.  informal something detrimental or negative
 
[C15: from Latin, neuter of minor]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

minus
1481, "with subtraction of," from L. minus "less," neut. of minor "smaller," from PIE *mi-nu-, from base *mei- "small" (cf. Skt. miyate "diminishes, declines," Gk. meion "less, smaller," Rus. men'she "less," O.E. minsian "to diminish"). Mathematical use in expressions of calculation did not exist
in classical L., and is probably from North Sea medieval commercial usage of L. plus and minus to indicate surplus or deficiency of weight or measure.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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