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minyan

[Sephardic Hebrew meen-yahn; Ashkenazic Hebrew, English min-yuh n] /Sephardic Hebrew minˈyɑn; Ashkenazic Hebrew, English ˈmɪn yən/
noun, plural minyanim
[Sephardic Hebrew meen-yah-neem; Ashkenazic Hebrew min-yaw-nim] /Sephardic Hebrew min yɑˈnim; Ashkenazic Hebrew mɪnˈyɔ nɪm/ (Show IPA).
English, minyans. Hebrew.
1.
the number of persons required by Jewish law to be present to conduct a communal religious service, traditionally a minimum of 10 Jewish males over 13 years of age.
2.
such a group.
Origin
minyān literally, number
Can be confused
minion, minyan.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for minyanim

minyan

/minˈjan; English ˈmɪnjən/
noun (pl) minyanim (minjaˈnim) minyans
1.
the number of persons required by Jewish law to be present for a religious service, namely, at least ten males over thirteen years of age
Word Origin
literally: number
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for minyanim

minyan

in Judaism, the minimum number of males (10) required to constitute a representative "community of Israel" for liturgical purposes. A Jewish boy of 13 may form part of the quorum after his Bar Mitzvah (religious adulthood). When a minyan is lacking for synagogue services, those who have gathered merely recite their prayers as private individuals. There is thus no public reading from the Torah (first five books of the Bible) and no Haftarah (selection from the prophetic books of the Bible). Such invocations as the Kaddish and qedusha are likewise omitted, for none of these is considered appropriate unless the "Jewish community" prays as one.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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