minyanim

minyan

[Sephardic Hebrew meen-yahn; Ashkenazic Hebrew, English min-yuhn]
noun, plural minyanim [Sephardic Hebrew meen-yah-neem; Ashkenazic Hebrew min-yaw-nim] . English, minyans. Hebrew.
1.
the number of persons required by Jewish law to be present to conduct a communal religious service, traditionally a minimum of 10 Jewish males over 13 years of age.
2.
such a group.

Origin:
minyān literally, number

minion, minyan.
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minyan (minˈjan, English ˈmɪnjən)
 
n , pl minyanim, minyans
the number of persons required by Jewish law to be present for a religious service, namely, at least ten males over thirteen years of age
 
[literally: number]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
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minyanim

in Judaism, the minimum number of males (10) required to constitute a representative "community of Israel" for liturgical purposes. A Jewish boy of 13 may form part of the quorum after his Bar Mitzvah (religious adulthood). When a minyan is lacking for synagogue services, those who have gathered merely recite their prayers as private individuals. There is thus no public reading from the Torah (first five books of the Bible) and no Haftarah (selection from the prophetic books of the Bible). Such invocations as the Kaddish and qedusha are likewise omitted, for none of these is considered appropriate unless the "Jewish community" prays as one.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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