misconstrue

[mis-kuhn-stroo or, esp. British, mis-kon-stroo]
verb (used with object), misconstrued, misconstruing.
to misunderstand the meaning of; take in a wrong sense; misinterpret.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English; see mis-1, construe


misread, misapprehend, misjudge.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
misconstrue (ˌmɪskənˈstruː)
 
vb , -strues, -struing, -strued
(tr) to interpret mistakenly

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

misconstrue
late 14c., "to put a wrong construction on" (words or deeds), from mis- (1) + construe. Related: Misconstrued.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
But the talking point appears to misconstrue the facts.
Such jurors misconstrue their task as arguing for one version of events, rather
  than considering all alternatives.
Some critics might misconstrue this arrangement as exclusionary or suggest that
  it smacks of elitism.
The two do keep offering up tantalizing tidbits and comments to take out of
  context and misconstrue.
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