verb (used with object), inferred, inferring.
to derive by reasoning; conclude or judge from premises or evidence: They inferred his displeasure from his cool tone of voice.
(of facts, circumstances, statements, etc.) to indicate or involve as a conclusion; lead to.
to guess; speculate; surmise.
to hint; imply; suggest.
verb (used without object), inferred, inferring.
to draw a conclusion, as by reasoning.

1520–30; < Latin inferre, equivalent to in- in-2 + ferre to bring, carry, bear1

inferable, inferible, inferrible, adjective
inferably, adverb
inferrer, noun
misinfer, verb, misinferred, misinferring.
noninferable, adjective
noninferably, adverb
preinfer, verb (used with object), preinferred, preinferring.
quasi-inferred, adjective
reinfer, verb (used with object), reinferred, reinferring.
subinfer, verb, subinferred, subinferring.
superinfer, verb (used with object), superinferred, superinferring.
uninferable, adjective
uninferably, adverb
uninferred, adjective
uninferrible, adjective
uninferribly, adverb

imply, infer (see usage note at the current entry).

1. deduce, reason, guess.

Infer has been used to mean “to hint or suggest” since the 16th century by speakers and writers of unquestioned ability and eminence: The next speaker criticized the proposal, inferring that it was made solely to embarrass the government. Despite its long history, many 20th-century usage guides condemn the use, maintaining that the proper word for the intended sense is imply and that to use infer is to lose a valuable distinction between the two words.
Although the claimed distinction has probably existed chiefly in the pronouncements of usage guides, and although the use of infer to mean “to suggest” usually produces no ambiguity, the distinction too has a long history and is widely observed by many speakers and writers.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
infer (ɪnˈfɜː)
vb , -fers, -ferring, -ferred
1.  to conclude (a state of affairs, supposition, etc) by reasoning from evidence; deduce
2.  (tr) to have or lead to as a necessary or logical consequence; indicate
3.  (tr) to hint or imply
[C16: from Latin inferre to bring into, from ferre to bear, carry]
usage  The use of infer to mean imply is becoming more and more common in both speech and writing. There is nevertheless a useful distinction between the two which many people would be in favour of maintaining. To infer means `to deduce', and is used in the construction to infer something from something: I inferred from what she said that she had not been well. To imply (sense 1) means `to suggest, to insinuate' and is normally followed by a clause: are you implying that I was responsible for the mistake?

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1520s, from L. inferre "bring into, cause," from in- "in" + ferre "carry, bear," from PIE *bher- (1) "to bear, to carry, to take" (cf. Skt. bharati "carries;" Avestan baraiti "carries;" O.Pers. barantiy "they carry;" Armenian berem "I carry;" Gk. pherein "to carry;" O.Ir. beru/berim "I catch, I bring
forth;" Goth. bairan "to carry;" O.E., O.H.G. beran, O.N. bera "barrow;" O.C.S. birati "to take;" Rus. brat' "to take," bremya "a burden"). Sense of "draw a conclusion" is first attested 1520s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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