verb (used with object), misunderstood, misunderstanding.
to take (words, statements, etc.) in a wrong sense; understand wrongly.
to fail to understand or interpret rightly the words or behavior of.

1150–1200; Middle English misunderstanden. See mis-1, understand

misunderstander, noun

1. misconstrue, misapprehend, misinterpret.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
misunderstand (ˌmɪsʌndəˈstænd)
vb , -stands, -standing, -stood
to fail to understand properly

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1200; see mis- (1) + understand. Misunderstanding "dissention, disagreement" is first recorded 1642.
"When misunderstanding serves others as an advantage, one is helpless to make oneself understood." [Lionel Trilling]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Do not think because you misunderstand a single article related to corals you
  know anything about their biology.
There are definitely people that misunderstand the logistics of my day-to-day
Please do not misunderstand my intentions by these remarks.
They are convincing because they misunderstand the situation in, well, the way
  that ignorant people misunderstand it.
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