mitigate

[mit-i-geyt]
verb (used with object), mitigated, mitigating.
1.
to lessen in force or intensity, as wrath, grief, harshness, or pain; moderate.
2.
to make less severe: to mitigate a punishment.
3.
to make (a person, one's state of mind, disposition, etc.) milder or more gentle; mollify; appease.
verb (used without object), mitigated, mitigating.
4.
to become milder; lessen in severity.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English mitigaten < Latin mītigātus (past participle of mītigāre to calm, soften, soothe), equivalent to mīt(is) mild, soft, gentle + -ig- (combining form of agere to do, cause to do, make) + -ātus -ate1

mitigable [mit-i-guh-buhl] , adjective
mitigatedly, adverb
mitigation, noun
mitigative, mitigatory [mit-i-guh-tawr-ee, -tohr-ee] , adjective
mitigator, noun
nonmitigative, adjective
nonmitigatory, adjective
overmitigate, verb, overmitigated, overmitigating.
unmitigable, adjective
unmitigative, adjective

militate, mitigate (see usage note at the current entry).


Mitigate, whose central meaning is “to lessen” or “to make less severe,” is sometimes confused with militate, which means “to have effect or influence; weigh on.” This mix-up often occurs in the use of the phrase mitigate against, as follows: This criticism in no way mitigates (read militates) against your going ahead with your research. Although this use of mitigate occasionally occurs in edited writing, it is rare and is widely regarded as an error.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
mitigate (ˈmɪtɪˌɡeɪt)
 
vb
to make or become less severe or harsh; moderate
 
[C15: from Latin mītigāre, from mītis mild + agere to make]
 
usage  Mitigate is sometimes wrongly used where militate is meant: his behaviour militates (not mitigates) against his chances of promotion
 
mitigable
 
adj
 
miti'gation
 
n
 
'mitigative
 
adj
 
'mitigatory
 
adj
 
'mitigator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mitigate
early 15c., from L. mitigatus, pp. of mitigare "make mild or gentle," ultimately from mitis "gentle, soft" + root of agere "do, make, act" (see act). First element is from PIE base *mei- "soft, mild." Related: Mitigated; mitigates.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

mitigate mit·i·gate (mĭt'ĭ-gāt')
v. mit·i·gat·ed, mit·i·gat·ing, mit·i·gates
To moderate in force or intensity.


mit'i·ga'tion n.
mit'i·ga'tive or mit'i·ga·to'ry (-gə-tôr'ē) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
You can mitigate risk, but you can't eliminate it.
Conservationists successfully sued to mitigate resulting damage to the area's
  salt marsh.
Many schools turn to fundraising to mitigate those shortfalls.
Ruling out exorcism or napalm, I wondered if some attitude adjustment might at
  least mitigate our frustration.
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