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moderate

[adj., n. mod-er-it, mod-rit; v. mod-uh-reyt] /adj., n. ˈmɒd ər ɪt, ˈmɒd rɪt; v. ˈmɒd əˌreɪt/
adjective
1.
kept or keeping within reasonable or proper limits; not extreme, excessive, or intense:
a moderate price.
2.
of medium quantity, extent, or amount:
a moderate income.
3.
mediocre or fair:
moderate talent.
4.
calm or mild, as of the weather.
5.
of or pertaining to moderates, as in politics or religion.
noun
6.
a person who is moderate in opinion or opposed to extreme views and actions, especially in politics or religion.
7.
(usually initial capital letter) a member of a political party advocating moderate reform.
verb (used with object), moderated, moderating.
8.
to reduce the excessiveness of; make less violent, severe, intense, or rigorous:
to moderate the sharpness of one's words.
9.
to preside over or at (a public forum, meeting, discussion, etc.).
verb (used without object), moderated, moderating.
10.
to become less violent, severe, intense, or rigorous.
11.
to act as moderator; preside.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English moderate (adj.), moderaten (v.) < Latin moderātus (past participle of moderārī to restrain, control), equivalent to moderā- verb stem (see modest) + -tus past participle suffix
Related forms
moderately, adverb
moderateness, noun
nonmoderate, adjective, noun
nonmoderately, adverb
nonmoderateness, noun
semimoderate, adjective
semimoderately, adverb
unmoderated, adjective
unmoderating, adjective
Synonyms
1. reasonable, temperate, judicious, just, cool, steady, calm. Moderate, temperate, judicious, reasonable all stress the avoidance of excess—emotional, physical, intellectual, or otherwise. Moderate implies response or behavior that is by nature not excessive: a moderate drinker, a moderate amount of assistance. Temperate, interchangeable with moderate in some general uses, usually stresses the idea of caution, control, or self-restraint: a surprisingly temperate response to the angry challenge. Judicious emphasizes prudence and the exercise of careful judgment: a judicious balance between freedom and restraint; judicious care to offend neither side. Reasonable suggests the imposition or adoption of limits derived from the application of reason or good sense: a reasonable price; a reasonable amount of damages allotted to each claimant. 2. average. 8. meliorate, pacify, calm, mitigate, soften, mollify, temper, qualify, appease, abate, lessen, diminish. See allay.
Antonyms
5, 6. radical.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for moderately
  • It's medium-sized, firm and buttery in the mouth and moderately sweet with a slightly acidic, tangy edge.
  • The measurements given refer to a moderately filled stomach with the body in the supine position.
  • If your recommender is moderately well known and people know that she has this foible, you are still fine.
  • Because it is still moderately bright outside, my brain doesn't want to sleep.
  • Both the natural compounds and the synthetic versions are moderately toxic to mammals and extremely toxic to aquatic life.
  • There is one moderately well established hypothesis that may facilitate solution to this apparent conundrum.
  • We are smarter than dogs and chimps, but our brain is only moderately more complex than theirs.
  • Heat a griddle or nonstick skillet over moderately low heat and lightly coat with butter.
  • Indeed, this was already the case in the moderately-cheap-money phase which preceded the financial crisis of last autumn.
  • Leisure and hospitality, retail, and health care also improved moderately.
British Dictionary definitions for moderately

moderate

adjective (ˈmɒdərɪt; ˈmɒdrɪt)
1.
not extreme or excessive; within due or reasonable limits: moderate demands
2.
not violent; mild or temperate
3.
of average quality or extent: moderate success
noun (ˈmɒdərɪt; ˈmɒdrɪt)
4.
a person who holds moderate views, esp in politics
verb (ˈmɒdəˌreɪt)
5.
to become or cause to become less extreme or violent
6.
when intr, often foll by over. to preside over a meeting, discussion, etc
7.
(Brit & NZ) to act as an external moderator of the overall standards and marks for (some types of educational assessment)
8.
(physics) to slow down (neutrons), esp by using a moderator
9.
(transitive) to monitor (the conversations in an on-line chatroom) for bad language, inappropriate content, etc
Derived Forms
moderately, adverb
moderateness, noun
moderatism, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin moderātus observing moderation, from moderārī to restrain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for moderately
adv.

late 14c., from moderate (adj.) + -ly (2).

moderate

adj.

late 14c., originally of weather and other physical conditions, from Latin moderatus "within bounds, observing moderation;" figuratively "modest, restrained," past participle of moderari "to regulate, mitigate, restrain, temper, set a measure, keep (something) within measure," related to modus "measure," from PIE *med-es-, from base *med- (see medical (adj.)). The notion is "keeping within due measure." In English, of persons from early 15c.; of opinions from 1640s; of prices from 1904. Related: Moderateness.

v.

early 15c., "to abate excessiveness;" from Latin moderatus, past participle of moderari (see moderate (adj.)). Meaning "to preside over a debate" is first attested 1570s. Related: Moderated; moderating.

n.

"one who holds moderate opinions on controversial subjects," 1794, from moderate (adj.). Related: Moderatism; -moderantism.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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