[adj., n. mod-er-it, mod-rit; v. mod-uh-reyt]
kept or keeping within reasonable or proper limits; not extreme, excessive, or intense: a moderate price.
of medium quantity, extent, or amount: a moderate income.
mediocre or fair: moderate talent.
calm or mild, as of the weather.
of or pertaining to moderates, as in politics or religion.
a person who is moderate in opinion or opposed to extreme views and actions, especially in politics or religion.
(usually initial capital letter) a member of a political party advocating moderate reform.
verb (used with object), moderated, moderating.
to reduce the excessiveness of; make less violent, severe, intense, or rigorous: to moderate the sharpness of one's words.
to preside over or at (a public forum, meeting, discussion, etc.).
verb (used without object), moderated, moderating.
to become less violent, severe, intense, or rigorous.
to act as moderator; preside.

1350–1400; Middle English moderate (adj.), moderaten (v.) < Latin moderātus (past participle of moderārī to restrain, control), equivalent to moderā- verb stem (see modest) + -tus past participle suffix

moderately, adverb
moderateness, noun
nonmoderate, adjective, noun
nonmoderately, adverb
nonmoderateness, noun
semimoderate, adjective
semimoderately, adverb
unmoderated, adjective
unmoderating, adjective

1. reasonable, temperate, judicious, just, cool, steady, calm. Moderate, temperate, judicious, reasonable all stress the avoidance of excess—emotional, physical, intellectual, or otherwise. Moderate implies response or behavior that is by nature not excessive: a moderate drinker, a moderate amount of assistance. Temperate interchangeable with moderate in some general uses, usually stresses the idea of caution, control, or self-restraint: a surprisingly temperate response to the angry challenge. Judicious emphasizes prudence and the exercise of careful judgment: a judicious balance between freedom and restraint; judicious care to offend neither side. Reasonable suggests the imposition or adoption of limits derived from the application of reason or good sense: a reasonable price; a reasonable amount of damages allotted to each claimant. 2. average. 8. meliorate, pacify, calm, mitigate, soften, mollify, temper, qualify, appease, abate, lessen, diminish. See allay.

5, 6. radical. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
1.  not extreme or excessive; within due or reasonable limits: moderate demands
2.  not violent; mild or temperate
3.  of average quality or extent: moderate success
4.  a person who holds moderate views, esp in politics
vb (when intr, often foll by over)
5.  to become or cause to become less extreme or violent
6.  to preside over a meeting, discussion, etc
7.  (Brit), (NZ) to act as an external moderator of the overall standards and marks for (some types of educational assessment)
8.  physics to slow down (neutrons), esp by using a moderator
9.  (tr) to monitor (the conversations in an on-line chatroom) for bad language, inappropriate content, etc
[C14: from Latin moderātus observing moderation, from moderārī to restrain]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from L. moderatus, pp. of moderari "to regulate." Related to modus "measure" (see mode (1)), hence, "keeping within due measure." The verb is attested from early 15c. in the sense "to abate excessiveness;" meaning "to preside over a debate" is first attested 1570s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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