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Molly Maguire

[muh-gwahyuh r] /məˈgwaɪər/
noun
1.
Irish History. a member of a secret terrorist society organized in Ireland in 1843 to prevent evictions by the government: so called because the members disguised themselves as women.
2.
U.S. History. a member of a former secret association, organized about 1865, that terrorized the mine operators' agents in an effort to get relief from oppressive conditions in the anthracite coal-mining regions of Pennsylvania: ceased to function about 1877.
Origin
1865-1870
1865-70, Americanism
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for molly maguires

Molly Maguire

/ˈmɒlɪ məˈɡwaɪə/
noun
1.
(Irish history) a member of a secret society that terrorized law officers during the 1840s to prevent evictions
2.
(in Pennsylvania from about 1865 to 1877) a member of a society of miners that terrorized mine owners and their agents in an effort to obtain better pay
Word Origin
C19: the name refers to the female disguise adopted by members of these societies
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for molly maguires

Molly Maguire

n.

secret society in the mining districts of Pennsylvania, 1867 (suppressed 1876); named for earlier secret society formed in Ireland (1843) to resist payment of rents. From Molly (see Moll) + common Irish surname Maguire. Memebers were said to sometimes wear women's clothing as disguise.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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