Moloch

Moloch

[moh-lok, mol-uhk]
noun
1.
a deity whose worship was marked by the propitiatory sacrifice of children by their own parents. II Kings 23:10; Jer. 32:35.
2.
anything conceived of as requiring appalling sacrifice: the Moloch of war.
3.
(lowercase) a spiny agamid lizard, Moloch horridus, of Australian deserts, that resembles the horned lizard.
Also, Molech (for defs 1, 2).


Origin:
< Late Latin (Vulgate) Moloch < Greek (Septuagint) Móloch < Hebrew Mōlekh, variant of melekh king

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
moloch (ˈməʊlɒk)
 
n
mountain devil, Also called: spiny lizard a spiny Australian desert-living lizard, Moloch horridus, that feeds on ants: family Agamidae (agamas)

Moloch or Molech (ˈməʊlɒk, ˈməʊlɛk)
 
n
Old Testament a Semitic deity to whom parents sacrificed their children
 
Molech or Molech
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Moloch
Canaanite god said to have been propitiated by sacrificing children (Lev. xviii.21), 1661, from L., from Gk. Molokh, from Heb. molekh, from melekh "king," altered by the Jews with the vowel points from basheth "shame."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Moloch [(moh-lok, mol-uhk)]

A Canaanite idol who demanded the sacrifice of first-born children. The Old Testament prophets railed against the worship of Moloch by the Israelites.

Note: Moloch also appears as one of the fallen angels in Milton's <i>Paradise Lost</i> and as a malevolent figure in other allegorical works of literature.
Note: By extension, a “Moloch” is something that has the power to exact extreme sacrifice.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Moloch definition


king, the name of the national god of the Ammonites, to whom children were sacrificed by fire. He was the consuming and destroying and also at the same time the purifying fire. In Amos 5:26, "your Moloch" of the Authorized Version is "your king" in the Revised Version (comp. Acts 7:43). Solomon (1 Kings 11:7) erected a high place for this idol on the Mount of Olives, and from that time till the days of Josiah his worship continued (2 Kings 23:10, 13). In the days of Jehoahaz it was partially restored, but after the Captivity wholly disappeared. He is also called Molech (Lev. 18:21; 20:2-5, etc.), Milcom (1 Kings 11:5, 33, etc.), and Malcham (Zeph. 1:5). This god became Chemosh among the Moabites.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

moloch

small (20-centimetre- [8-inch-] long), squat, orange and brown Australian lizard of the Old World family Agamidae. Moloch is entirely covered with thornlike spines, the largest projecting from the snout and over each eye. The shape of its body and many of its habits are similar to those of horned lizards of North America, which are in the family Iguanidae. Both are flattened, have short tails, spines, move very little, and specialize on ants.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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