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monastery

[mon-uh-ster-ee] /ˈmɒn əˌstɛr i/
noun, plural monasteries.
1.
a house or place of residence occupied by a community of persons, especially monks, living in seclusion under religious vows.
2.
the community of persons living in such a place.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Late Latin monastērium < Late Greek monastḗrion monk house, orig. hermit's cell, equivalent to monas-, variant stem of monázein to be alone (see mon-) + -tērion neuter adj. suffix denoting place
Related forms
monasterial
[mon-uh-steer-ee-uh l] /ˌmɒn əˈstɪər i əl/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Synonyms
1. cloister; abbey, priory, friary, lamasery.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for monasterial

monastery

/ˈmɒnəstərɪ; -strɪ/
noun (pl) -teries
1.
the residence of a religious community, esp of monks, living in seclusion from secular society and bound by religious vows
Derived Forms
monasterial (ˌmɒnəˈstɪərɪəl) adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Church Latin monastērium, from Late Greek monastērion, from Greek monázein to live alone, from monos alone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for monasterial

monastery

n.

c.1400, from Old French monastere "monastery" (14c.) and directly from Late Latin monasterium, from Ecclesiastical Greek monasterion "a monastery," from monazein "to live alone," from monos "alone" (see mono-). With suffix -terion "place for (doing something)." Originally applied to houses of any religious order, male or female.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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