noun, plural monasteries.
a house or place of residence occupied by a community of persons, especially monks, living in seclusion under religious vows.
the community of persons living in such a place.

1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin monastērium < Late Greek monastḗrion monk house, orig. hermit's cell, equivalent to monas-, variant stem of monázein to be alone (see mon-) + -tērion neuter adj. suffix denoting place

monasterial [mon-uh-steer-ee-uhl] , adjective

1. cloister; abbey, priory, friary, lamasery. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
monastery (ˈmɒnəstərɪ, -strɪ)
n , pl -teries
the residence of a religious community, esp of monks, living in seclusion from secular society and bound by religious vows
[C15: from Church Latin monastērium, from Late Greek monastērion, from Greek monázein to live alone, from monos alone]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

c.1420 (implied in monasterical), from O.Fr. monastere, from L.L. monasterium, from Late Gk. monasterion "a monastery," from monazein "to live alone," from monos "alone" (see mono-). With suffix -terion "place for (doing something)." Originally applied to houses of any religious
order, male or female.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The machines sitting in the shop seem to be made to last as long as the
  monastery itself.
One of my favorites was to a monastery on the top of a mountain.
The monastery and its paintings are in grave danger.
But technology, not spirituality, has brought me to the monastery.
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