Mongoloid

Mongoloid

[mong-guh-loid, mon-]
adjective
1.
resembling the Mongols.
2.
Anthropology. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of one of the traditional racial divisions of humankind, marked by yellowish complexion, prominent cheekbones, epicanthic folds about the eyes, and straight black hair, and including the Mongols, Manchus, Chinese, Koreans, Japanese, Annamese, Siamese, Burmese, Tibetans, and, to some extent, the Eskimos and the American Indians: no longer in technical use.
3.
(often lowercase) Pathology. (no longer in technical use; now considered offensive) of, affected with, or characteristic of Down syndrome.
noun
4.
Anthropology. a member of the peoples traditionally classified as the Mongoloid race: no longer in technical use.
5.
(usually lowercase) Pathology. (no longer in technical use; now considered offensive) a person affected with Down syndrome.

Origin:
1865–70; Mongol + -oid

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
mongoloid (ˈmɒŋɡəˌlɔɪd)
 
adj
1.  relating to or characterized by Down's syndrome
 
n
2.  a person affected by Down's syndrome

Mongoloid (ˈmɒŋɡəˌlɔɪd)
 
adj
1.  denoting, relating to, or belonging to one of the supposed racial groups of mankind, including most of the peoples of Asia, the Inuit, and the North American Indians
 
n
2.  a member of this group
 

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Mongoloid
1868 as a racial designation, from Mongol + -oid. With lower-case -m-, in reference to the genetic defect causing mental retardation (mongolism), it dates from 1899. See Down's Syndrome. Such people were called Mongolian from 1866.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Mongoloid Mon·gol·oid or mon·gol·oid (mŏng'gə-loid', mŏn'-)
adj.
Of or relating to down syndrome. Not in technical use. n.
A person affected with Down syndrome. No longer in technical use. Now considered offensive.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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