monistical

monism

[mon-iz-uhm, moh-niz-uhm]
noun
1.
Philosophy.
a.
(in metaphysics) any of various theories holding that there is only one basic substance or principle as the ground of reality, or that reality consists of a single element. Compare dualism ( def 2 ), pluralism ( def 1a ).
b.
(in epistemology) a theory that the object and datum of cognition are identical. Compare pluralism ( def 1b ).
2.
the reduction of all processes, structures, concepts, etc., to a single governing principle; the theoretical explanation of everything in terms of one principle.
3.
the conception that there is one causal factor in history; the notion of a single element as primary determinant of behavior, social action, or institutional relations.

Origin:
1860–65; < German Monismus. See mon-, -ism

monist, noun
monistic [muh-nis-tik, moh-] , monistical, adjective
monistically, adverb
nonmonist, noun
nonmonistic, adjective
nonmonistically, adverb
unmonistic, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
monism (ˈmɒnɪzəm)
 
n
1.  philosophy Compare dualism materialism See also idealism the doctrine that the person consists of only a single substance, or that there is no crucial difference between mental and physical events or properties
2.  philosophy Compare pluralism the doctrine that reality consists of an unchanging whole in which change is mere illusion
3.  the epistemological theory that the object and datum of consciousness are identical
4.  the attempt to explain anything in terms of one principle only
 
[C19: from Greek monos single + -ism]
 
'monist
 
n, —adj
 
mo'nistic
 
adj
 
mo'nistically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

monism
"the philosophical doctrine that there is only one principle," 1862, from Mod.L. monismus, from Gk. monos "alone." First used in Ger. by Ger. philosopher Baron Christian von Wolff (1679-1754).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
monism [(moh-niz-uhm, mon-iz-uhm)]

A position in metaphysics that sees only one kind of principle whereas dualism sees two. On the question of whether people's minds are distinct from their bodies, for example, a monist would hold either that mental conditions are essentially physical conditions (materialism), or that bodies depend on minds for their existence (idealism).

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
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