mono plane

monoplane

[mon-uh-pleyn]
noun
1.
an airplane with one main sustaining surface or one set of wings.
2.
Nautical. a planing craft the bottom of which is in an unbroken fore-and-aft line.

Origin:
1905–10; mono- + plane1

monoplanist, noun
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Collins
World English Dictionary
monoplane (ˈmɒnəʊˌpleɪn)
 
n
Compare biplane an aeroplane with only one pair of wings

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

monoplane
1907, coined from mono- + (aero)plane. In old planes the wings formed a single surface running across the fuselage.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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