noun Physical Chemistry.

1930–35; mono- + layer Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
monolayer (ˈmɒnəʊˌleɪə)
Also called: molecular film a single layer of atoms or molecules adsorbed on a surface

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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

monolayer mon·o·lay·er (mŏn'ō-lā'ər)

  1. A film or layer one molecule thick formed at the interface between water and either oil or air by a substance such as a partially esterified fatty acid that contains both hydrophobic and hydrophilic groups in the same molecule.

  2. A confluent sheet of cells, one cell deep, growing on a surface in a cell culture.

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