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monosome

[mon-uh-sohm] /ˈmɒn əˌsoʊm/
noun, Genetics.
1.
a chromosome having no homologue, especially an unpaired X chromosome.
2.
a protein-synthetic complex involving the translation of a messenger RNA molecule by a single ribosome.
3.
a monosomic individual.
Origin
1920-1925
1920-25; mono- + -some3
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for monosome

monosome

/ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm/
noun
1.
an unpaired chromosome, esp an X-chromosome in an otherwise diploid cell
Derived Forms
monosomic (ˌmɒnəˈsəʊmɪk) adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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monosome in Medicine

monosome mon·o·some (mŏn'ə-sōm')
n.

  1. A chromosome having no homologue, especially an unpaired X-chromosome.

  2. A single ribosome, especially one combined with a molecule of mRNA.


mon'o·so'mic (-sō'mĭk) adj.
mon'o·so'my n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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