monosome

monosome

[mon-uh-sohm]
noun Genetics.
1.
a chromosome having no homologue, especially an unpaired X chromosome.
2.
a protein-synthetic complex involving the translation of a messenger RNA molecule by a single ribosome.
3.
a monosomic individual.

Origin:
1920–25; mono- + -some3

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World English Dictionary
monosome (ˈmɒnəˌsəʊm)
 
n
an unpaired chromosome, esp an X-chromosome in an otherwise diploid cell
 
monosomic
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

monosome mon·o·some (mŏn'ə-sōm')
n.

  1. A chromosome having no homologue, especially an unpaired X-chromosome.

  2. A single ribosome, especially one combined with a molecule of mRNA.


mon'o·so'mic (-sō'mĭk) adj.
mon'o·so'my n.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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