monosyllable

[mon-uh-sil-uh-buhl]
noun
a word of one syllable, as yes or no.

Origin:
1525–35; mono- + syllable

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
monosyllable (ˈmɒnəˌsɪləbəl)
 
n
a word of one syllable, esp one used as a sentence
 
mono'syllabism
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

monosyllable
1530s, from L. monosyllabus "of one syllable," from Gk. monosyllabos, from monos "single, alone" + syllabe "syllable."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
He communicates with his formerly happy family in monosyllables, and spends too
  much time sharpening his ax.
He talks in simple, declarative sentences that are heavy on monosyllables.
They have taken to spending hour upon hour staring into space, grunting in
  monosyllables, listlessly chewing carrots and brooding.
Mike began to have confidence in the guy's monosyllables.
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